Sunday, June 29, 2014

History of Ukraine - The Missing Chapter - Yushenko and beyond

Ukraine - The Birth of a Nation. A 4 part series as seen from a polish perspective.



This documentary failed to give recognition to the role played by Olexandr Moroz, leader of the Socialist party of Ukraine, without whom the Orange Revolution and the election of Victor Yushchenko would not have been successful.

In December 2004 Viktor Yushchenko was elected Ukraine's third President with 54% support o voters in the third round of voting in what was to be known as the Orange Revolution .

Part of the agreement arsing from the Orange Revolution was the Ukraine's transition from Presidential rule towards a parliamentary system of governance.

In 2002/3 Victor Yushchenko  opposed the adoption of a Parliamentary Democacy a proposal put forward by Lenoid Kuchma that fell short by just five votes (295) of the two-thirds vote (300) of Ukraine's Parliament (450)

Victor Yushchenko continued when elected President in December 2004 continued to oppose  democratic reform in Ukraine and consistently undermined the stability of Ukraine;s Parliament. (Rada)

Following the Ukrainian Parliamentary election election in March 2006. Yushchenko's Party "Our Ukraine" refused to support the formation of an Orange coalition government and the sharing fo power with his coalition partners, Yulia Tymoshenko as Prime minister and Olexandr Moroz. (As speaker of the Ukrainian Parliament.

The stand off lasted three months and Ukraine was facing a constitutional crisis as a result fo Yushchenko's failed leadership. The end results was the collapse of the Orange revolution and the decision of the Socialist party of Ukraine to support the formation of a Unity Government  with Victor Yanukovych being elected as Prime Minister. Whilst "Our Ukraine" at first sought to join  the newly join government but on the condition that Yushchenko's Party nominated the prime-minister.and various ministerial positions, far in excess of their Parliamentary representation.

In the end Our Ukraine" who was inflicted with division failed to form part of the Unity Government that was made up of Party of Regions, The Communist party or Ukraine and the Socialist Party of Ukraine.

Ukraine's Parliament proposed once again to install a full parliamentary system of governance and remove., a move that was supported by the Parliamentary Assemble of the Council of Europe (PACE) and the European Venice Commission

Victor Yushchenko, who remained opposed to democratic reform, in February 2007 unconstitutionally and illegally dismissed Ukraine's Parliament in order to prevent the Ukraine's Constitution from being amended to remove Presidential authority.

Yushenko going as far as interfering with th3 independence of Ukraine's Constitutional Court illegally dismissed members of the Court in order to prevent the Court form ruling against his decree. Yushchenko's actions caused seven months of political and social inability. proposals to hold fresh Presidential and Parliamentary elections were rejected.  The standoff was eventually resolved with an agreement to hold fresh Parliamentary election only.

The results of the fresh parliamentary elections saw the collapse of support for Victror Yushchenko part Our Ukraine.  The Socialist Party of Ukraine fell 0.4% short from securing securing only 3.86% of the vote.  Had they reached the threshold the overall results of the 2007 Parliamentary would have been the same as the 2006 results.

Yulia Tymoshenko with the support of Our Ukraine managed to secure a majority of one vote in a third ballot of members of the newly elected Parliament and was eventually elected Prime Minister of Ukraine.

The slender margin on the floor of the parliament caused ongoing instability with Victor Yushchenko continuing to undermining the success of Ukraine's parliamentary government

Victor Yushenkso support in Ukraine had collapsed from a high of 54% in 2004 to less than 5% in 2010.  Yushcheko was defeated in the first round of the Presidential vote.

Yushchenko then decided to support Victor Yanukovych against Julia Tymshenko in the final round of Presidential voting. Yanukovch was elected with 52% support

Soon after taking office Yanukovch who had previously supported Ukraine's transition to a Parliamentary democracy acted to reversed the Constitutional reforms that were agreed to in 2004 and consolidated power in the office of the President

In 2014 Yanukovych was ousted from office in an unconstitutional violent political coup and the Constitutional reforms of 2004 reinstated.  Yanukocych was forced into exile and fresh elections held under controversial circumstances electing Ukraine's current President Petro Poroshenko.

In period following the violent coup in Kyiv, the residents of Crimea voted overwhelmingly to seceded from Ukraine and rejoin the Russian Federation.

Odessa fell victim to atrocities inflicted by the Ultra Right Nationals and
Eastern Ukraine came under attack by nationalist guards in what was considered by many to be political reprisals, verging in civil War, designed to prevent Eastern Ukraine from participating in the early Presidential elections on May 25 2014.

On June 27, 2014 the new president, Petro Poroshenko, signed an association agreement with the European Union amidst a 7 day cease fire in hostilities aimed at Eastern Ukraine.  The President has promised constitutional reform which is still to be determined..

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Friday, June 27, 2014

CNN Propoganda: Many questions not asked

CNN's  Christiane Amanpour left so much out from the interview with Poroshenko and let him off the hook on may issues as he tried to deflect attention or accept responsibility for Ukraine's Crisis.

The Ukrainian Crisis can not be won by a military solution.  The riots in Kyiv were the flash point that set off a serious of events in Ukraine. It undermined rule of law causing a loss of confidence.  Radical Right sector forces have been  allowed to act with impunity, The atrocities in Odessa and Mariupol must not be forgotten and those responsible MUST be held to account for their crimes against Humanity.

the black shirt unformed militia MUST be disbanded. The State can not just gave them Uniforms and sanctions the killing and slaughter of citizens

There still remain serious issues of legality of the Presidency. Ukraine now has two Presidents. One elected constitutionally and Poroshenko who was elected unconstitutionally. Yanukovych still have not resigned or been impeached.  Can you just suspend the constitution and claim that the process was legitimate?

There were 35.5  Million voters e entitled to vote n Ukraine. the turnout on May 25 was 19Mil or 51%. Poroshoenko received 9.7Mil votes (27%) Including Crimea,Lugansk and Donetsk. Crimea represents 2%.

It is rightly argued that the pogrom and attacks on Eastern Ukraine were designed to  prevent Eastern Ukraine from voting. Had they fully participated in the election then Poroshenko would have had to face a runoff ballot. He would not have secured an absolute majority of those who would voted. That not to say he would not have won a run off ballot had one been held under more favorable conditions.

Crimea

Crimea has never seen itself as a part of Ukraine. It was never given the right to chose. Even under Ukraine's governance it remained an Autonomous Republic. The people of Crimea saw what happened in Kyiv and acted swiftly to succeed from Ukraine. I have no doubt that the referendum held in Crimea was a reflection of the people of Crimea. those that claim otherwise are lying or do not know Crimea.

Ukraine has lost Crimea. Given the events that unfolded since February 20 riots in Kyiv and the massacre in Odessa and Eastern Ukraine the concerns of the Crimean people have been proved correct and well founded.  They will not return. It would require another referendum to bring about unification and Crimeans will not agree to this.  So Poroshenko should kiss Crimea good bye and work on the realities that he now faces,

if Poroshenko is sincere about a unified Ukraine he must fulfill promises on regional autonomy, Language rights and maintain a close working relationship with Russia, Ukraine MUST reject any suggestion of ever joining NATO. In fact Ukraine's nutralit6y should be stated clearly in Ukraine's Constitution.

Constitutional reform

In addition t issues of Neutrality and NON NATO membership Ukraine need to address issues of Governance and reform of the judicial system. It must restore the functioning of Ukraine's Constitutional Court and ensure its independence

It MUST also stop looking to the US for guidance and models of government.  Instead it should look to Europe

It must abandon the Presidential system and adopt a full parliamentary model as recommended by PACE and the Venice Commission back in 2007.  the head of state should be elected by a Constitutional Majority for Ukraine's representative Parliament as is the case in Estonia. Latvia, Hungary and a host of other European Republics.

Poroshenko must place the interest of Ukraine ahead of his own personal ambitions.

if he fails to address these issues he will be another failed President like Yushchenko  who has 54% support support and by the end of his term of office had dropped to below 5%/

To date he is not showing signs of heading in the right direction. But it is still early days

His biggest and most challenging task in the immediate future is to disband and remove the Right Sector Including Yarosh from positions of authority and control.

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Friday, June 20, 2014

Ukraine Election Map updated to include 2014 Presidential election

We have updated our Ukraine election map to include the the 2014 Presidential election and the 2012 National parliamentary election results. New features added to the map include a National (Default), Regional and Candidate percentage. 


https://4c384aaa-a-62cb3a1a-s-sites.googlegroups.com/site/ukrainetoday/UAElections-1.swf?attachauth=ANoY7cq3amGUlkkGw3mvELfhMMChH4PvwsH2o2u-vXriWq0TDjpn0kUxh_qBZVaTTy-TEQiwZbbBg_lkCWzlpyJEA5H5aD_acDzfWGhSWj5ehtpsNcm49mhT1cgJ8sHbJ9xJAWKNJ6J2d-yuaoeKj4QMpJhxrFf3Oomf2mBa79XFOPWLUMNgis6k7-8AaUpVl34ccNMhmkxn5Zp6TGhSUIFN3xfXpArBpA%3D%3D&attredirects=0

To view the map click here or on the photo above

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